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Document Details


Title: Garcia, Arcenio
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: University of Texas, Arlington. Central Library. Special Collections Department
Collection: Tejano Voices: University of Texas at Arlington Center for Mexican American Studies Oral History Project
Description: García talks about race discrimination practices in the schools, employment, and society. He tells how he and other Mexican Americans decided to enter the political arena by organizing the community and performing social services for the citizens to establish public visibility for themselves. García describes how involvement with MAYO and VISTA trained community members in political matters that allowed them expertise needed to succeed in politics. He elaborates upon the methods he used to campaign and how he financed those campaigns. He recounts the events and problems that he and other local Mexican American politicians faced such as the threat of being fired from their professional jobs if they became involved in politics. García talks about his election as mayor of Cotulla in 1972 and he discusses political maneuvering by the local political power structure that caused him to be removed from office after he legally won re-election as mayor. García discusses the role and problems of the Raza Unida Party in Texas and gives his perspective on the origins and outcomes of the Cotulla mini-riot of 1974 which resulted in the felony conviction of Raza Unida leader Raul Martínez. He elaborates upon his achievements and problems as county commissioner of La Salle County, Texas, and Mexican American political involvement with Cotulla school board elections and politics. He describes positive changes that resulted from Raza Unida involvement in school district politics. Garcia reviews the internal problems within the Mexican American Democrats (MAD) organization that resulted in a split in that organization in 1993 and the formation of the Tejano Democrats. He concludes the interview with a description of capital improvement programs achieved in La Salle County during his administration as county commissioner.
Extent: 85 pages
URL: http://libraries.uta.edu/tejanovoices/transcripts/TV_117.html
Original Language: English
Audio: [Audio available]
Time span: Not indicated ... to 1997 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Garcia, Arcenio, 1947-
Speaker gender: Male
Speaker date of birth: 26-Aug-1947
Speaker place of birth: Defiance, OH; Ohio; United States; North America
Age at speaking: 50
Document location: Cotulla, TX
Document date: 19-Feb-1997
Interviewer: Gutierrez, Jose Angel
Organizations discussed: La Raza Unida Party, Crystal City, TX; Mexican American Democrats of Texas; Tejano Democrats
Locations discussed: Defiance, OH; La Salle County, TX; North America; Ohio; Texas; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: Community; Defiance, OH; Hispanic Americans--Texas; La Raza Unida Party, Crystal City, TX; La Salle County, TX; Mexican American Democrats of Texas; North America; Ohio; Oral history; Political activists; Public schools; Racism; Social service; Tejano Democrats; Texas; Texas--Politics and government; United States; Work environment
Topics discussed - Other terms: Local politics
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0000202-147