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Document Details


Title: Martinez, Maria
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: University of Texas, Arlington. Central Library. Special Collections Department
Collection: Tejano Voices: University of Texas at Arlington Center for Mexican American Studies Oral History Project
Description: Martínez discusses her family history and genealogy. She tells about working as migrant labor during her youth and she describes some racial discrimination practices she experienced. Martínez talks about how she became involved in the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO). She tells about her participation in the Del Rio, Texas, civil rights march in 1969, her involvement with the Economy Furniture Labor Strike, and the Casita Farm Workers strike. Martínez discusses Mexican American women as leaders and organizers of political movements. She talks about the issues surrounding the decision of the MAYO group to establish an independent statewide Raza Unida Party in Texas and she tells about some of the key issues they faced as they organized it. She gives her opinion on Ramsey Muniz' appeal as gubernatorial candidate on the Raza Unida Party's ticket and the effect that Muniz' legal troubles had on the Mexican American community's subsequent political aspirations. She recollects the demise of the Raza Unida Party movement after 1972 and gives her thoughts on why the effort to organize a national Raza Unida Party failed. Martínez explains her fascination with the socialist movement in Cuba and talks about her trips to Cuba with the Venceremos Brigade. She gives her opinion on the Cuban revolution and Fidel Castro as its leader. She expresses her opinion about the continuation of the socialist movement experience in Cuba. Martínez elaborates upon the failure of the two party system in the United States to address Mexican American issues and she laments the failure at coalition politics with other minorities such as African-Americans. She concludes the interview with a discussion of her interest in folk healing and her desire to begin a second career as a spiritual healer.
Extent: 83 pages
URL: http://libraries.uta.edu/tejanovoices/transcripts/TV_133.html
Original Language: English
Audio: [Audio available]
Time span: Not indicated ... to 1998 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Martinez, Maria, 1941-
Speaker gender: Female
Speaker date of birth: Nov-1941
Age at speaking: 57
Document location: Austin, TX
Document date: 03-Dec-1998
Interviewer: Gutierrez, Jose Angel
People discussed: Castro Ruz, Fidel; Castro, Fidel, 1926(?)-; Fidel Castro; Ruz, Fidel Castro
Organizations discussed: La Raza Unida Party, Crystal City, TX; Mexican American Youth Organization, San Antonio, TX
Historical events discussed: Cuban Revolution, 1956-1959
Locations discussed: Austin, TX; Cuba; Del Rio, TX; North America; Texas; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: Austin, TX; Castro Ruz, Fidel; Castro, Fidel, 1926(?)-; Civil rights movements--Texas; Community; Cuba; Cuban Revolution, 1956-1959; Del Rio, TX; Fidel Castro; Hispanic Americans--Texas; La Raza Unida Party, Crystal City, TX; Mexican American Youth Organization, San Antonio, TX; Migrant agricultural laborers; North America; Oral history; Political activists; Racism; Ruz, Fidel Castro; Strikes and lockouts; Texas; United States
Topics discussed - Other terms: Casita Farm Workers strike; Economy Furniture Labor strike
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0000216-163