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Document Details


Title: Jesse R. Nichols
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: U.S. Congress. Senate. Historical Office
Collection: Senate Oral History Project
Series: Item 4 of Series Jesse R. Nichols
Description: The first African American hired as a clerical staff member of the Senate, Jesse Nichols served as government documents clerk for the Senate Finance Committee from 1937 to 1971. Previously, black men and women had worked as messengers, grounds keepers, and in service positions, but had been excluded from the clerical staff. When Nichols started work, most restaurants and other services on Capitol Hill were still segregated, and he recounts the transition to integration. Appointed by Senator Pat Harrison, a Mississippi Democrat, Nichols' career extended through the chairmanships of several Southern senators, including Walter George, Harry Byrd, and Russell Long.
Extent: 16 pages
URL: http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/pdf/Nichols_interview_4.pdf
Original Language: English
Time span: Not indicated ... to 1994 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Nichols, Jesse R., 1909-
Speaker gender: Male
Speaker date of birth: 14-Jun-1909
Speaker place of birth: Clarksdale, MS; Mississippi; United States; North America
Speaker race: Black
Speaker occupation: Librarian
Age at speaking: 85
Document date: 12-Apr-1994
Interviewer: Ritchie, Donald A.
Organizations discussed: U.S. Congress. Senate; U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance
Locations discussed: District of Columbia; North America; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: District of Columbia; Legislative bodies--United States; Legislators--United States; Medicare; North America; Oral history; Political science--United States; Politicians; U.S. Congress. Senate; U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance; United States; United States--Officials and employees; United States--Politics and government
Topics discussed - Other terms: Health Education Welfare; HEW; Treasury
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0022070-22978