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Document Details


Title: Emerich Grinbaum
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: University of Michigan, Dearborn. Mardigian Library
Collection: Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive
Series: Item 2 of Series Emerich Grinbaum
Description: An interview with Emerich Grinbaum, a Holocaust survivor, conducted by Dr. Sidney Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan—Dearborn. Mr. Grinbaum was born in Munkacs, Czechoslovakia in 1930. After the Hungarian annexation of Munkacs in 1938, Emerich, along with his father, mother and brother experienced increased anti-Semitism under the Hungarians. In 1944, Germany invaded Hungary and the Grinbaum family was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Emerich’s mother was gassed upon arrival and after less than a week in Birkenau, Emerich, his father and brother were shipped to a labor camp just outside of Warsaw, Poland. In August, 1944, the three were sent to Dachau. In Dachau, Emerich’s father became ill and was sent to the camp hospital. During this period, Emerich and his brother were sent to one of Dachau’s satellite camps, Allach. In Allach, Emerich worked on several labor Kommandos, including the BMW factory and as a potato peeler in the camp kitchen. While in Allach, Mr. Grinbaum’s father was reunited with him and his brother and placed in a block for elderly people. In April 1945, the three were placed aboard and train and shipped to an unknown destination. While en route, the German’s abandoned the train and the three walked to a nearby village where they were liberated by the American Army. After liberation, they returned to Munkacs, now under Soviet rule as part of the Ukraine. Mr. Grinbaum studied medicine under the Soviets. He emigrated to the United States in the 1960s.
URL: http://holocaust.umd.umich.edu/grinbaum/
Original Language: English
Audio: [Audio available]
Time span: Not indicated ... to 2001 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Grinbaum, Emerich, 1930-
Speaker gender: Male
Speaker date of birth: 1930
Speaker place of birth: Czech Republic; Europe
Speaker race: White
Age at speaking: 71
Document date: 08-Jan-2001
Interviewer: Bolkosky, Sidney
Organizations discussed: Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Poland, 1940-1945; Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 1940-1945; Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 1937-1945; Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1945; National Socialist German Workers Party, Germany
Historical events discussed: Holocaust, 1938-1945; World War II, 1939-1945
Locations discussed: Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands; Asia; Austria; Budapest, Pest, Hungary; Czech Republic; Europe; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; North America; North Holland, Netherlands; Pest, Hungary; Poland; Romania; Russia; Ukraine; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands; Asia; Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Poland, 1940-1945; Austria; Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 1940-1945; Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 1937-1945; Budapest, Pest, Hungary; Concentration camps; Czech Republic; Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1945; Europe; Germany; Holocaust, 1938-1945; Hungary; Jewish ghettos; Jews--United States; Labor camps; National Socialist German Workers Party, Germany; Netherlands; North America; North Holland, Netherlands; Oral history; Pest, Hungary; Poland; Romania; Russia; Ukraine; United States; World War II, 1939-1945
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0025169-27018