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Document Details


Title: Bernard and Emery Klein
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: University of Michigan, Dearborn. Mardigian Library
Collection: Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive
Description: The Klein brothers were born in Humenné, a town in eastern Slovakia. The immediate family of the brothers included their parents and a younger sister. The Germans occupied the area in 1939 and started to deport the Jews in 1941. The Klein family was not deported until 1944 because Mr. Klein was an important farming advisor. The family was sent to Auschwitz without Bernard, who had become separated. Mrs. Klein and her daughter were immediately gassed upon arrival at the camp. Bernard was reunited with his brother and father at Auschwitz a month later. The three were sent to Gleiwitz where Emery and his father worked in a factory while Bernard worked in the concentration camp kitchen. In 1945, as the Russian army advanced into the area, the camp was evacuated to Blechhammer, another camp in the vicinity. The German guards fled the camp, leaving the prisoners. A few days later, the brothers, their father and several others began walking back to Humenné. The Klein family moved to Israel, Montreal and eventually to Detroit.
URL: http://holocaust.umd.umich.edu/klein/
Original Language: English
Audio: [Audio available]
Time span: Not indicated ... to 1984 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Klein, Emery
Speaker gender: Male
Speaker place of birth: Slovakia; Europe
Speaker race: White
Document date: 23-May-1984
Interviewer: Bolkosky, Sidney
Organizations discussed: Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Poland, 1940-1945; Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 1940-1945; Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 1937-1945; Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1945; National Socialist German Workers Party, Germany
Historical events discussed: Holocaust, 1938-1945; World War II, 1939-1945
Locations discussed: Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands; Asia; Austria; Budapest, Pest, Hungary; Czech Republic; Europe; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; North America; North Holland, Netherlands; Pest, Hungary; Poland; Romania; Russia; Ukraine; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands; Asia; Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Poland, 1940-1945; Austria; Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 1940-1945; Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 1937-1945; Budapest, Pest, Hungary; Concentration camps; Czech Republic; Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1945; Europe; Germany; Holocaust, 1938-1945; Hungary; Jewish ghettos; Jews--United States; Labor camps; National Socialist German Workers Party, Germany; Netherlands; North America; North Holland, Netherlands; Oral history; Pest, Hungary; Poland; Romania; Russia; Ukraine; United States; World War II, 1939-1945
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0025184-27028