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Document Details


Title: Samuel Offen
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: University of Michigan, Dearborn. Mardigian Library
Collection: Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive
Description: An interview with Sam Offen, a Holocaust survivor, conducted by Dr. Sidney Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Sam Offen lived in Kraków, Poland. After the German invasion of 1939, Sam and his brothers, Nathan and Bernie, along with their father, were recruited by the Germans as forced laborers. Nathan was sent to a nearby rock quarry to work. In 1942, Sam's mother and sister were rounded-up and deported and the three brothers and their father were shipped to Plaszów. After a short time, the Offens were sent to Gusen I, a sub-camp of Mauthausen. There Sam and Nathan were separated from their father and Bernie. It was the last time Sam saw his father. In 1945, Sam and Nathan were liberated by the American Army. The brother's learned of a Polish Unit of the British Army, based in Italy and decided to join. While in a DP camp in Italy they discovered that Bernie was in a different DP camp and the brothers were reunited. After joining the army, Nathan and Sam were given the opportunity to move to Britain. Sam moved to the United States in 1951.
URL: http://holocaust.umd.umich.edu/offens/
Original Language: English
Audio: [Audio available]
Time span: Not indicated ... to 1981 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Offen, Samuel, 1921-
Speaker gender: Male
Speaker date of birth: Aug-1921
Speaker place of birth: Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland; Malopolskie, Poland; Poland; Europe
Speaker race: White
Age at speaking: 60
Document date: 27-Dec-1981
Interviewer: Bolkosky, Sidney
Organizations discussed: Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Poland, 1940-1945; Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 1940-1945; Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 1937-1945; Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1945; National Socialist German Workers Party, Germany
Historical events discussed: Holocaust, 1938-1945; World War II, 1939-1945
Locations discussed: Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands; Asia; Austria; Budapest, Pest, Hungary; Czech Republic; Europe; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; North America; North Holland, Netherlands; Pest, Hungary; Poland; Romania; Russia; Ukraine; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands; Asia; Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Oswiecim, Poland, 1940-1945; Austria; Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany, 1940-1945; Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, 1937-1945; Budapest, Pest, Hungary; Concentration camps; Czech Republic; Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 1933-1945; Europe; Germany; Holocaust, 1938-1945; Hungary; Jewish ghettos; Jews--United States; Labor camps; National Socialist German Workers Party, Germany; Netherlands; North America; North Holland, Netherlands; Oral history; Pest, Hungary; Poland; Romania; Russia; Ukraine; United States; World War II, 1939-1945
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0025191-27035