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Document Details


Title: James B. Barker
Document type: Oral history
Accessibility: Free Only
Repository: University of Texas, San Antonio. Institute of Texan Cultures
Collection: Institute of Texan Cultures Oral History Collection
Description: The Hearst ranch, San José de Babicora, originally founded in the 18th century by the Jesuits, was located in northern Mexico and was in the pathway of the revolutionary movements of the 1910s-1920s. In 1907, at the age of twenty-four, Jim Barker went to Mexico, where he served as ranch manager of the million-acre estate in Chihuahua of Mrs. Phoebe Hearst. Described as a "smallish, wiry Irishman with a sandy complexion and sandy hair and sandy eyes,” he served as a civilian scout for General John J. Pershing during the punitive expedition’s search for Pancho Villa. This interview with Mr. Barker, who died at age eighty-three in San Antonio, provides extensive primary source information about the Mexican Revolution, his involvement in it, the murder of Peter Keene, and the history of the Babicora ranch. Pancho Villa put a $10,000 price tag on the head of Mr. Barker in his attempt to capture Barker. This led to Barker’s nine-day trip to escape being captured. Barker later served in World War I as head of an extensive intelligence operation in France and Germany and was a business consultant for the Hearst Enterprises until he retired in 1963.
Original Language: English
Time span: Not indicated ... to 1967 (Year of interview)
Speaker: Barker, James B.
Speaker gender: Male
Speaker race: White
Speaker occupation: Rancher
Document location: San Antonio, TX
Document date: 10-Mar-1967
Interviewer: Heath, Don
Locations discussed: North America; San Antonio, TX; Texas; United States
Topics discussed - ASP terms: Community; Culture; Local history; North America; Oral history; San Antonio, TX; Texas; Texas--History; United States
ASP release: 2005-06
Document code: OHI0029037-32065